3 Types of Genetic Eye Disorders

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Many eye disorders are genetic, meaning they are passed from generation to generation. You are more likely to develop one of these conditions if one of your parents or another close relative suffers from it. Learn more about 3 common genetic eye disorders and how they can affect you.

Astigmatism

Astigmatism is an extremely common disorder that often occurs in combination with other eye problems, such as nearsightedness or farsightedness. It is caused by an irregularly shaped eye that is not able to focus on objects correctly. The good news is that astigmatism can be easily corrected by glasses, contact lenses, or even corrective eye surgery.

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is caused by a buildup of pressure inside the eye that damages the optic nerve. If enough damage is done, it can cause partial or complete blindness. A simple test at your eye doctor can determine if you have glaucoma. While it cannot be cured, you can stop the progression of the disease by using regular eyedrops prescribed by your eye doctor.

Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration is the leading cause of vision loss in adults over 60. Most people do not go completely blind from the disease, but may still experience significant vision loss caused by damage to the center of the retina (known as the macula). Like glaucoma, there is no cure for macular degeneration, but it is often possible to slow its progression with medications or other treatments.

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