5 Uncommon Eye Diseases

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Your eyes are among the most important organs in your body. Without eyes, you wouldn’t be able to see your children’s faces or enjoy a sunset. Many different diseases and illnesses can impact your ability to see. Here are a few uncommon yet serious eye diseases that can occur:

  • Microphthalmia. This disease occurs when one or both eyes are smaller than they should be. Usually, this disorder develops in a fetus during pregnancy and can accompany other birth defects as well.
  • Behcet’s Disease. An autoimmune disease, Behcet’s disease can affect the blood vessels throughout the entire body. The disease can affect each person differently, but normally causes inflammation inside of the eye. This results in blurred vision, pain, and redness. Other symptoms include mouth sores, skin problems, and blood clots.
  • Retinoblastoma. This disease is actually a life-threatening form of cancer. It normally occurs in children younger than 5 year of age. It forms in the retina and, in some cases, is hereditary.
  • Retinitis Pigmentosa. Retinitis pigmentosa is a hereditary disorder that comes from the breakdown or loss of cells in the retinal area. This can make it difficult to see at night and decrease peripheral vision.
  • Stargardt Disease. Another hereditary disease, this disorder affects the retina. It basically causes a gradual loss of vision in both eyes. Usually it hits during childhood or early adolescence and can cause an increased sensitivity to light. Over time, a gray or hazy spot may be noticeable in the center of the vision. While vision will be impacted, it’s rare that the sufferer will become completely blind.

When it comes to caring for your eyes, it’s best to see your optometrist regularly. Through careful examinations and tests, they will be able to diagnose and treat any signs of disease and disorders early on.

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