Facts about Dry Eyes

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Many people will experience mild dry eyes at some point in their life, but some face more serious discomfort on a regular basis. If you are seeking treatment for dry eyes, it’s important to be informed about your condition.

Causes

There are many causes of dry eyes, including eyelid problems, tear gland damage, and lengthy exposure to wind, computer screens, or other drying elements. Laser eye surgery and certain medications can also cause dryness.

Risk Factors

Anyone can experience dry eyes, but some people have a greater risk for developing a problem. Women are generally more likely to have dry eyes, especially during times of hormonal change, as are those who don’t get enough vitamin A or omega-3 fatty acids in their diets. The older you get, the greater your chance for dry eyes.

Symptoms

The most common symptoms of dry eyes are redness, a scratchy feeling, and stinging. Some dry eye sufferers will also experience watery eyes, blurred vision, light sensitivity, eye fatigue, poor night vision, and other symptoms. People with all levels of dryness often have a hard time wearing contact lenses.

Complications

Dryness leaves your eyes vulnerable to bigger problems, including eye infections. Dry eyes are more likely to sustain corneal abrasions and other damage.

Treatment

There are a variety of treatment options for dry eyes. If your discomfort is mild or occasional, eye drops will usually do the trick. In other cases, an optometrist will prescribe medications or special contacts, or perform procedures like closing your tear ducts or unblocking oil glands. Your optometrist will help you determine the right treatment for your eyes and lifestyle.

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