Understanding Nearsightedness and Farsightedness


Two of the most common refractive vision problems people suffer from are nearsightedness (myopia) and farsightedness (hyperopia). If you’re concerned that you’re vision isn’t what it once was, here are some things you should know about these 2 conditions before you visit the optometrist.


A refractive vision error means that the light doesn’t focus correctly on the retina, resulting in a blurry image. People who are nearsighted are able to see object that are near clearly, but distant objects are blurry. This is because the light hits in front of the retina instead of reaching all the way to the retina. This occurs because the eye is longer than normal.


Those who are farsighted have difficulty focusing on objects nearby. Since the eye is smaller than average, the light falls behind the retina instead, making it easy to focus on distant objects. However, farsighted people are usually unable to read or see close objects without holding the object further away.


Fortunately, both of these conditions are easy to treat. Corrective glasses or contact lenses change the way the light enters the eye so that the light focuses directly on the retina to create a clear image. In addition to vision changes, you may notice frequent headaches resulting from either myopia or hyperopia due to the eyes straining to see a clear image. If this is the case, contact us for an examination so that we can restore your vision.

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