What to Expect at an Eye Exam


It is vital to your eyes’ health that you have regular eye exams to check for problems like age-related macular degeneration, cataracts, diabetic retinopathy, and glaucoma. It’s also important to have regular exams to check your eyes’ overall health. Many health specialists recommend that children have their eyes checked as young as age 6 months, at age 2 or 3, and then again before they turn 6 or 7. This may need to be more frequent if they have a family history of eye problems. As for adults, experts often recommend every two years and annually after a person reaches 60 years old. If you are like many adults, you may be putting off visiting an optometrist because you don’t know what to expect at an exam. Read on as we explain what you can expect during your next exam.

Eye Exam Process

Before you have your eyes examined, your doctor or a staff members will take your medical and vision history, an important step in helping you get the treatment you need. Your entire exam should last for about 30 minutes to an hour. You will most likely have all or some of the following tests done: eye muscle movement test, cover test, external exam and pupillary reactions, pachymetry, pupil dilation, visual acuity test, retinoscopy, refraction testing, slit lamp, visual field test, retinal examination, and glaucoma testing.

This may sound like a lot, but don’t worry, your optometrist will be able to tailor your exam to fit your health needs and concerns. It’s important to be consistent with your exams and schedule them on a routine basis, just as you would dental appointments or physical checkups.

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